How Eiffel Tower Was Built
Eiffel Tower (French: Tour Eiffel) is a steel tower built on Champ de Mars near Seine River in Paris. This tower has become a global icon and landmark of France and one of the world famous structure. This structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance World Exposition, World's Fair that celebrated a century of French Revolution.
At the beginning, Eiffel actually planned to built this tower in Barcelona, for the Universal Exhibition in 1888, but the authorities in Barcelona city hall thought it was strange yet expensive and does not fit with the city. After the rejection of the plan in Barcelona, Eiffel send a draft to the committee of Paris Universal Exposition, where he built the tower a year later, in 1889.
The tower was inaugurated on March 31, 1889, and opened on May 6. Three hundred workers combined 18,083 parts of hot rolled steels (pure form of structural steel), using two and a half million of nails, in a structural shape by Maurice Koechelin. The risk of accidents was very large, for this modern skyscraper tower was built without the middle level unless the two platforms. But because Eiffel took caution, including the use of mobile tackle, auxiliary rails and screens which finally suppressed the death accident to one only.
The tower received various criticism from the public when it was built, called it disturbing eyes. Daily newspapers are filled with letters of criticism from the art community in Paris.
Eiffel tower had building license for 20 years only, which means it must be dismantled in 1909, when the ownership was transferred to the City of Paris. City has planned to tear it down (part of the original contest rules for designing a tower that is easy on the tear down) but after the tower was proven to bring advantage in communications, the tower was left standing after the permit expired. For example, the military used it to manage the front lines during the First Battle of the Marne, and had become monument of victory for that battle.
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